Germany’s landscapes, cities and culture are diverse and fascinating. Germany has the largest economy in Europe and the fourth largest in the world. Many groundbreaking inventions were developed here. Science and research have a long tradition in Germany and are highly valued. Around 13 % of people living in Germany come from other countries. Germany is cosmopolitan and tolerant.
Germany is located at the heart of Europe. More than 83 million people live here – the most populous country in the European Union. Germany is one of the European Union’s founding members and works to promote closer integration among the countries of Europe. As a member of the United Nations (UN), Germany is committed to safeguarding world peace, complying with international law, protecting human rights and maintaining and driving forward the promotion of international cooperation, in accordance with the UN Charter.
INNOVATION AND RESEARCH
Innovative ideas have strongly shaped Germany’s past and will surely continue to do so in the future. Germany has produced a long list of revolutionary inventions, such as the automobile, the airbag, X-ray technology, Aspirin, the computer, the chip card and the MP3 data compression format. In Germany, more inventions are patented than in any other country. Science and research have a long tradition in Germany and are still highly valued today. The oldest German university
was founded in Heidelberg in 1386. The list of German Nobel Prize winners is quite impressive as well – over 80 Nobel Prize winners, of which there are more than 70 from the natural sciences and medicine alone, including Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Robert Koch, Max Planck, Albert Einstein, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard and Harald zur Hausen.
Germany’s economy is the largest in Europe and the fourth largest in the world. In 2018, German companies exported goods worth more than €1.3 trillion. Most of Germany’s exports are products made for the areas of electrical engineering, mechatronics, heavy machinery, the automotive industry, environmental technology, pharmaceuticals and chemicals. Consumers around the world recognise “Made in Germany” as a seal of quality. Germany is home to many trusted and renowned market leaders, such as Mercedes, BMW, Audi, Bayer, Siemens and many others.
Because Germany maintains trade relations worldwide, German companies promote the deployment of international, qualified professionals.
A WEALTH OF CULTURE
Compared to many other countries, Germany has a very dense network of publicly funded cultural institutions – you can visit nearly 5,000 museums and almost 8,000 libraries. Cities and urban areas are not the only places with a wide range of things to see and do – these can be found in rural areas and towns too.
Small towns and big cities alike offer an abundance of cultural highlights. Their event calendars are filled with exhibitions, concerts, festivals, performances, trade fairs and sporting events. You can experience longstanding traditions like the Oktoberfest or folk dances in traditional costume, find inspiration at international festivals such as the Berlinale or documenta, or dance to your favourite tunes at cutting-edge music festivals.
Alongside castles and palaces that are more than 1,000 years old, you will find modern Bauhaus buildings and skyscrapers. Of the 1,092 UNESCO World Heritage Sites worldwide, 44 are located in Germany alone.